Jewish Religious Life, 1500-1900
Core articles investigate some important issues associated with the diverse ways in which Jewish spirituality and religious life developed in Poland from 1550 to 1900. The emerging generation of Jewish studies specialists from Poland and Germany is particularly well represented in this volume, a collection of articles that shows vividly how academic scholarship can provide important new insights into Jewish religious history.
This volume highlights new research on Jewish spiritual and religious life in Poland before modern political ideas, above all nationalism and socialism, began to transform the Jewish world. The collection as a whole represents a welcome new trend towards a more rigorous approach to the study of Jewish religious life and writings and covers a range of topics. Three articles deal with rabbinic writing and publishing in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries and a fourth presents accounts of Purim festivities at that time. The eighteenth-century studies focus on popular Jewish spirituality and Polish attitudes to Jewish spirituality. Four articles deal with the Frankist movement, the main topics being Frankist propaganda; non-Christian Frankists; Jonathan Eibeschuetz and the Frankists; and the influence of Frankism on Polish culture. There are four articles on hasidism—on the tsadik and the ba’al shem; the childhood of tsadikim in hasidic legends; the fall of the Seer of Lublin; and the hasidism of Gur—and one about influences on Nahman Krochmal.
Four of the contributors to the core section on Jewish spiritual and religious life are Polish, representatives of a new generation of Judaic scholars there. Three are working in Germany, where Jewish studies is likewise re-establishing itself. Other contributors are leading scholars from universities in Canada, Israel, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Some are themselves religious, others are secular; taken together, their contributions further the study of Jewish religious traditions on the Polish lands, a topic central to an understanding of Jewish society and history in Poland but one which has long been considered marginal by the academic world.
As in earlier volumes of Polin, substantial space is given to new research in other areas of Polish–Jewish studies. There is an extensive survey of the papal Holocaust papers, as well as contributions relating to education for girls, to Auschwitz as a site of memories, and to aspects of Jewish literature, politics, society, and economics. A young Polish scholar from Jedwabne has contributed a moving article on local reactions to news of the massacre of the Jews of that town. The review section include two separate essays with contrasting opinions on Yaffa Eliach's monumental study of Eishyshok.
Antony Polonsky is Albert Abramson Professor of Holocaust Studies at Brandeis University and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and Chief Historian of the Permanent Collection of the Museum of the History of Polish Jews, Warsaw.
|Format||23.5 x 15.5 cm / 6" x 9"|
|Pages||574 pages, 13 text figures|
|ISBN||978-1-874774-71-6 hardback - out of print
|Price||£24.95 / $39.95|
|Date of publication||2002|
A Note on Place Names
Note on Transliteration
Part 1 Jewish Religious Life, 1500-1900
Printing the Talmud in Poland in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries
Isaac of Troki’s Studies of Rabbinic Literature
Polish Attitudes towards Jewish Spirituality in the Eighteenth Century
Sixteenth-Century Accounts of Purim Festivities
Jewish Popular Spirituality in the Eighteenth Century
GERSHON DAVID HUNDERT
The Struggle over Images in the Propaganda of the Frankist Movement
The Non-Christian Frankists
Rabbi Jonathan Eibeschuetz’s Attitude towards the Frankists
SID Z. LEIMAN
The Influence of Frankism on Polish Culture.
Tsadik and Ba’al Shem in East European Hasidism
KARL E. GRÖTZINGER
Holy Men in their Infancy: The Childhood of Tsadikim in Hasidic Legends
One Event, Two Interpretations: The Fall of the Seer of Lublin in Hasidic Memory and Maskilic Satire
How Far was Krochmal Influenced by the Gaon Sherira ben Hanina in his Description of the Development of Oral Torah?
The Messiah Son of Joseph according to Rabbi Zaddok Hacohen
Primordial Chaos and Creation in Gur Hasidism: The Sabbath that Preceded Creation
Part 2 New Views
'Ahavat yehonatan’, A Poem by Judah Leo Landau
Jakub Becal, King Jan III Sobieski’s Jewish Factor
The Shtadlan of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: Noble Advocate or Unbridled Opportunist?
Educational Options for Jewish Girls in Nineteenth-Century Europe
ELIYANA R. ADLER
The Society for the Advancement of Trade, Industry, and Crafts
Strangers in their Own Land: Polish Jews from Lublin to Kielce
Jewish Writers in Polish Literature
Auschwitz: Site of Memories
Papal Holocaust Papers (provisional title) ROBERT S. WISTRICH
Part 4 Review Essays
Report of the Vatican Documents on the Second World War
The Vatican Documents and the Holocaust: A Personal Report
ROBERT S. WISTRICH
Yaffa Eliach’s Eishyshok: Two Views
i ‘The new Jew Hitler has fashioned into being’
ii Ejszyszki Revisited, 1939-1945
Holocaust Survivors in Jadwiga Maurer’s Short Stories
JOANNA ROSTROPOWICZ CLARK
Polish Translations of Yiddish Literature published in Wroclaw
Part 4 Appreciations and Obituaries
Chone Shmeruk: The Man and his Work
The Scholarly Activities of Chone Shmeruk in Poland
JÓZEF A. GIEROWSKI
Jan Karski (1914-2000)
STANISLAUS A. BLEJWAS
Moshe Mishkinsky (1917-1998)
JOSHUA D. ZIMMERMAN
Notes on Contributors and Translators
'This scholarly, well-researched, and interesting collection of essays
from a host of international scholars offers . . . insightful analysis on a
wide variety of topics from multiple viewpoints.'
David B. Levy, AJL Newsletter
'An important collection of articles both for student interested in the history of the Jews in Poland and for scholars who are interested in following the central developments in this area.'
Rachel Manekin, Zeitschrift für Ostmitteleuropa-Forschung